Castle Mountain

Banff National Park

Castle Mountain is a mountain located within Banff National Park in the Canadian Rockies, approximately halfway between Banff and Lake Louise. It is the easternmost mountain of the Main Ranges in the Bow Valley and sits astride the Castle Mountain Fault which has thrust older sedimentary and metamorphic rocks forming the upper part of the mountain over the younger rocks forming its base. The mountain's castellated, or castle-like, appearance is a result of erosive processes acting at different rates on the peak's alternating layers of softer shale and harder limestone, dolomite and quartzite. The mountain was named in 1858 by James Hector for its castle-like appearance. From 1946 to 1979 it was known as Mount Eisenhower in honour of the World War II general Dwight D. Eisenhower. Public pressure caused its original name to be restored, but a pinnacle on the southeastern side of the mountain was named Eisenhower Tower. Located nearby are the remains of Silver City, a 19th-century mining settlement, and the Castle Mountain Internment Camp in which persons deemed enemy aliens and suspected enemy sympathizers were confined during World War I. In 1924 the now lost silent film "The Alaskan" was filmed using Castle Mountain as the backdrop for the film and utilized the small mining camp of Silver City. Castle Mountain has been captured by photographers and artists of all mediums since the development of the Canadian Pacific Railway. While looking nearly inaccessible from the Trans-Canada Highway, the peak can be ascended from the backside on the northeastern slopes, the trail to Rockbound Lake leads hikers around the eastern side. A number of  well documented climbing routes can be found and described in detail in various Rockies alpine guidebooks and is aided by a climber's hut located on the sixth buttress.

Images from the Whyte Museum Archives

Castle Mountain Chalets

81 Years of Operation in Banff National Park

Castle mountain Chalets was originally built in 1939 by Grandfather Yerxa. He came out from Blackie, Alberta with his wife and their six children. They chose Castle Junction because it was the intersection of the roads to Radium Hot Springs and the main highway. It was there they built their bungalow camp naming it Castle Mountain Bungalows. The camp had nine individual cabins, a bathhouse and its own power plant. The main lodge housed Grandmothers Tea Room and Grandfathers Texaco station. The season ran from June to labour day. Back in those days Grandfather would leave one cabin open all winter long with a supply of firewood and food for any stranded traveller. Every summer the whole family pitched in to run the camp. Over the years eight more cabins, plumbing, electricity and the telephone were added. All helped life, but in 1956 things changed when the new TransCanada highway was built and this road became known as the Banff 1A After the war, Canadas Prime Minister changed the name of Castle Mountain to Mount Eisenhower in honour of the U.S President at the time. The camp name was also changed to Castle Eisenhower. The third generation arrived in 1978 with grandson Jim McLeod and his wife Lesley. In 1980, Castle saw the biggest changes up to this point, when the resort became a year-round operation. Best of all Castle Mountain regained its original name, with the prominent tower being named Eisenhower Tower. The resort then became Castle Mountain Village, the main lodge received a major facelift in 1985 turning it into a general store with quaint turn of the century decor, including memorabilia from the original Grandparents days for everyone to enjoy. Changes for the betterment of the resort continued with the replacing of old cabins until 1997. On the 15th of June 1999 a major change happened again. The McLeod Family decided it was time to retire and enjoy a well-deserved rest. They sold the property to a prominent family of Edmonton, owners of the Tonquin Inn and Maligne Lodge in Jasper, and with new exciting ideas and plans, the future for the now named Castle Mountain Chalets looks very promising. In 2005 the Osprey lodge was built, creating a function space, guest laundry and gym as well as three modern Suites on the top floor. The original gas pump was replaced in 2019 after eight decades of faithful service and in 2020 the General Store was given a facelift both inside and out and was fitted with new public washrooms. All eight of the One Bedroom Deluxe Chalets saw renovations throughout the room to create a highly coveted Chalet experience unmatched anywhere in the Bow Valley.